Crown Jewels: The royal household’s treasured gems

The Crown Jewels type the centrepiece of the royal coronation, and symbolize the pomp and historical past of the British monarchy over the centuries.

The Imperial State Crown

The crown was commissioned for king George VI’s coronation in 1937. Used for formal occasions such because the state opening of parliament, Queen Elizabeth II wore it following her coronation ceremony. The crown bears 2,868 diamonds, 269 pearls, 17 sapphires and 11 emeralds. It weighs 1,060 grams (2.3 kilos) and is 31.5 centimeters (12.4 inches) tall. The second-largest stone reduce from the Cullinan Diamond-the largest diamond ever mined-adorns the entrance.

The Imperial State Crown

The Sovereign’s Sceptre

A gold rod with a globe, cross and dove on the high, the sceptre’s design symbolizes the Christian Holy Ghost. It’s related to the monarch’s pastoral function in direction of the folks. It weighs 1,150 grams and is 110.2 centimeters lengthy.

The Sovereign’s Sceptre with Cross

The sceptre represents the monarch’s temporal energy and good governance and enhances the religious energy symbolized by the Sovereign’s Sceptre with Cross. It weighs 1,170 grams and is 92.2 centimeters lengthy. The most important colorless reduce diamond on the earth, the Cullinan I, reigns on the high. It weighs 106 grams and is named the “First Star of Africa”. The diamond’s weight meant the sceptre needed to be bolstered in 1910.

The Sovereign’s Orb

The orb represents the monarch’s energy and the Christian world. The gold piece of knickknack is surrounded by a band of diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphire and pearls and topped with amethyst and a cross. It’s 27.5 centimeters excessive and weighs 1,320 grams.

The gold Ampulla

The eagle-shaped vessel holds the consecrated oil utilized in coronation ceremonies. The eagle’s head comes off to permit oil to be poured into the vessel. The design relies on a legend that the Virgin Mary appeared to medieval English saint Thomas Becket and handed him a golden eagle and oil to anoint future English kings. It weighs 660 grams and measures 20.7 x 10.4 centimetres.

The Spurs

Gold, leather-based, velvet and gold thread make up some of the historical components of Britain’s royal coronation paraphernalia. The usage of spurs to signify knighthood in coronations dates again to the coronation of Richard I in 1189. Spurs had been historically fixed to the king’s toes throughout coronation ceremonies however introduced and positioned on the altar for queens.

The Cullinan Diamond

It was the most important diamond ever mined when found in South Africa in 1905, weighing 621 grams in its uncut state. The Transvaal authorities introduced it to King Edward VII on his 66th birthday in 1907 as a gesture of reconciliation after the Second Boer Struggle (1899-1902). Three staff of Asschers of Amsterdam labored 14-hour days for eight months to chop and polish 9 massive stones from the unique gem. When employees started to chop the diamond, the primary blow broke the knife reasonably than the diamond.

St Edward’s Crown

Crown jeweler Robert Viner made it in 1661 for the coronation of king Charles II, after the earlier medieval crown was melted down by parliamentarian rebels in 1649 in the course of the English Civil Struggle. Monarchs didn’t put on the strong gold crown in coronation ceremonies for greater than 200 years because it was too heavy. It weighs 2,040 grams and is 30.2 centimeters tall.


Coronation ring

The ring dates again to the coronation of King William IV in 1831. Queen Victoria didn’t put on it for her coronation in 1838 as her fingers had been too small.

Purple Gown of Property

Twelve seamstresses from the Royal Faculty of Needlework took 3,500 hours to make it. The gown is made from silk and embroidered with the monarch’s cipher, wheat ears and olive branches.

The Stone of Scone

Often known as the “Stone of Future”, it’s the historical image of Scotland’s monarchy. The sandstone slab weighs 152 kilograms (335.1 kilos). English king Edward I seized it in 1296 and integrated it into the throne at Westminster, London. Scottish nationalists stole it from London’s Westminster Abbey in 1950 and it later reappeared in Arbroath Abbey, Scotland. It was formally returned to Scotland in 1996. The stone will solely go away Scotland once more for a coronation at Westminster Abbey. – AFP


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